Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Livestock Sector- a Review
In Indian economy the agriculture and allied sector contributes 13.7% of GDP and 27% of this is contributed by livestock sector alone. In India as per NSSO, only about 5.1 percent of the households have some kind of access to modern technology in relation to animal husbandry activity. Estimates indicated that 60 per cent of farmers do not access any source of information for advanced agricultural technologies resulting in huge adoption gap. Major ICT initiatives in India includes IFFCO Kisan Sanchar Limited, Village Knowledge Centres in Pondicherry, Warana Wired Village Project at (70 village in and around Warna) Maharashtra, KVK Babhaleshwar (MH), Gyandoot in Madhya Pradesh, e-VET Project in Madhya Pradesh, E-mail Conference System for Goat, Dairy Information and Services Kiosk, AKASHGANGA, Touch Screen Information Kiosk, Wireless Sensor Networks, Radio Frequency Identification. ICT based livestock advisory services for knowledge dissemination to the farming communities for better and informed decision making at the farm level (Gulati et al., 2007). ICT helps in bridging the available communication gap. The enhanced and smooth communication results in the overall development of the livestock sector of the country.
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